The following diagram shows us the employment according to gender between 1996 and 2006 in different regions in the world. According to this we can see the radical difference between the employment of woman and man. An examination of the gender gap, i.e. the proportion of economically active females per 100 males indicates the magnitude of gender inequality. In the advanced states the rate of the employment in case of mans are 70% meanwhile less than 50% of the woman employed. In the Middle and North Europe the rates are the same. Otherwise in North Asia this rate is different 83% of the man and 69% of the woman employed in this area. In the South part of Asia the rate of the man is still 81%, but on the other hand the rate of the woman in the Pacific area is only 60%, and in South Asia it is 37%. In Latin America and the Caribbean the rate of the man are reduces with only 1% in this period of time and on the other hand the rate for the woman increased from 47% to 52% in the same time. In Africa the difference is really high between the genders in the Middle East and North parts of Africa 80% of the man and 30% of the woman employed. In the Sub-Saharan Africa the rate is more than twice as high in case of the woman as it is 61% and 81% of the man employed in the labor market.
This diagram shows us the unemployment rate in the whole World and after in the following areas: Developed Economies and European Union, Central and Eastern Europe, East Asia, South East Asia and the Pacific, South Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa and at Sub-Saharan Africa. So basically in the same areas as the other diagram what we have seen above.
We can consider the same fact that there are high difference in the employment rate according to these diagram and mostly in the Middle East and North Africa. We can say that the differences are much more higher in the African areas.
What can cause these effects what we see in the diagrams? What do you think about these areas?
Do you think that the educational systems and the cultural difference can cause these effects? Or the different judgment of woman and man makes the radical discrepancy between the rates?