The three-year child-raising support is rare in the world, so this is why there is less research about the impact on women’s labor market situation. This must be sure that in the countries which gave the possibility of the long term maternity leave fewer women employed in high positions at work, and this causes the bigger gap between men and women wages as well.
The inflexible labor market, the traditional work schedules, low mobility, low wages, lack of places in kindergartens, the families of limited resources are causing the radical conflict between family and work. Meanwhile the OECD countries, women raising children under the age of three 50% of them are working and in Hungary this rage is only 15%. Probably this is caused by the long (3years) maternity leave, but politicians and scientists are having a long debate about this topic.
The long maternity leave and the child care tells us a lot about the relationship between women to the labor market, and even about Hungarian welfare state as well – said Eva Fodor, the member of the CEU (Central European University). Eva Fodor made a research with dozens of interviews with mothers in child care. It turned out that the majority of these women during their maternity leave were working something, but uncertain, under their qualifications, ad hoc work performed. They were not working in stable time during they “gyes” (Hungarian Maternity Leave), because they think that the work could not be done in the same time of taking care of their new born child but because of this strategy seemed to be the best that during the child care they were trying to get money another way. The money they received was below the minimum wage in most cases, and the work what they could do were mostly black and often under difficult circumstances.
Most women wanted to express more stable work also they were actively seeking for work, but they had to face with the discriminations of the employers and the fact that they will not get a job until their kids are placed in the child day care centers, where the women in full time jobs have more advantages. The child care reduces poverty for many families and means financial stability but causes more difficulty for women in the labor market.